Although the creation of the East-European Shepherd started at the beginning of the 20th century in Russian Empire, the complete development of this bread happened in 1930 in the USSR.
One of the main organization, responsible for the development of the East-European Shepherd in the USSR was DOSAAF [(Russian: ДОСААФ); the full name is a Volunteer Society for Cooperation with the Army, Aviation, and Fleet]. Typically, "voluntary" actually meant "obligatory" in the Soviet Union. DOSAAF was a paramilitary sport organization in the USSR, concerned mainly with weapons, automobiles and aviation. The stated goal of this society was "patriotic upbringing of the population and preparation of it to the defense of the Motherland." Among the means to achieve this was the development of paramilitary sports.
One of goals of DOSAAF was the creation of a shepherd, which is, compared to the German shepherd, can be adapted for the service in the army and police as a guard and a sniffer dog in various climatic conditions, because the USSR had five climatic zones, compared to Germany which lies in one, cool/temperate, climatic zone.

However, not only DOSAAF performed the research and development of the East-European bread of shepherds, but also another government organization – the KGB (The Committee of State Security). Specifically, the breeders from the kennel, The Red Star (Russian: Красная звезда), were creating East-European Shepherds under the strict supervision of KGB.

The first standard which has formed the breed type of East-European Shepherd was approved in 1964 by the Cynological Council of the Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR.
Although the East-European shepherd has its origin from the German shepherd, this breed, however, has different external and psychological signs. Specifically, the East-European shepherds are taller, have bigger muscles, and possess better barrier function of their skin cover because of the well developed hypodermic tissue.
The following table and photographs illustrate the differences in exterior of both German and East-European shepherd:
 
Compared to the German shepherds, which have been typically kept in the enclosures for dogs, East-European shepherds have been living in close contact with the human beings, and, therefore, they have a broader spectrum of behaviour responses, which makes East-European shepherds intelligent dogs.

Most breeders would agree that German shepherds now have an overloaded psychophysiological type. Specifically, they are able to perform perfectly the stereotypical set of skills, and, moreover, German shepherds do not have the same physical and psychological endurance, compared to the East-European counterparts. In other words, German shepherds now are ideal only for sportsmen.

In contrast, East-European shepherds work balance and prudently, and they possess the ability to perform, with interest, various integral long-term programmes at any complex situation. Specifically, East-European shepherds can evaluate themselves as an element of the whole system, such as, for example: the dog – the leader – the opponent – the distracting factors, and so on, which makes East-European shepherd extremely valuable for the army, the police, the Special Forces, and the security companies.

Furthermore, compared to East-European shepherds, the German shepherds are noisier and have a choleric temper. East-European shepherds, however, are more serious and psychologically more stable dogs. Today, in Russian Army, police, Special Forces, the Intelligent Service (former KGB) the preference is given to East-European Shepherds. However, the German shepherds in Russia are better represented on various dog-shows,exibitions, and competitions.
Clearly, if you live in a tiny apartment and need a nice and loyal companion-dog, which you want to train for competitions, the compact, energetic German shepherd is ideal for you. However, if you goal is a serious powerful dog, perfectly adopted to any climatic zone, able, without unnecessary demonstration of aggression, protect you, your family members, your house, and your belongings, take a closer look to the East-European shepherd.
In addition, East-European shepherds are very good with children. They adore playing with them. East-European shepherds are loyal to your children and protect them by all cost.

Moreover, East-European shepherds, typically, do not have conflicts with other pets, because these shepherds are very intelligent and possess a sense of justice: they won’t waste their time and efforts for quarrels with other family pets.
Finally, East-European shepherd is widely spread and popular now not only in Russia and in the former countries of the Soviet Union, such as Ukraine, Belorussia, Moldova, and so on, but also in the former countries of the Eastern Bloc, such as Poland, Check Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, former Yugoslavia, and Hungary. At the present moment, the breed is recognized by the following international kennel organizations, such as UCI (United Clubs International) and IKU (International Kennel Union).
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